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ARIZONA'S

OL' CONGRESS TRADING POST

PERCUSSION
RIFLES-MUSKETS-SHOTGUNS

    Like their older brothers, the flintlocks, these weapons can be hard to identify. It seems like just about everyone was making guns, and still are for that matter, and only the larger manufactureres were marking them. Percussion was the next technological step past Flintlock as it was more reliable, especially in wet or inclement weather. However it lasted a relitivly short time in history. As with all things, wars have the effect of leap-frogging technology ahead at an increased rate. Thus Percussion was superceeded by Black Powder Metalic Cartridges within the span of a few years due to the increase in dependability and speed in reloading, in all cases particularly in wet or inclement weather reliability became an issue. However there is still a large section of the shooting world that shoots matchlocks, flintlocks, and percussion weapons, and can demonstrate great accuracy, it was said that troops in the civil war were required to reload and fire in as little as 10 seconds, some could do it in as little as 8 seconds.

RIFLES & MUSKETS

    Not the only difference between rifles and muskets, but the main one, during this era, is that muskets have smooth bores and rifles have grooves or rifling in the barrel to spin the bullet for added accuracy at a greater distance.

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SHOTGUNS

    This section will also include "Trade Guns." These weapons were generally of a large .75 caliber smooth bore, and were suitable either for patched ball or loaded as a shotgun, you lost quite a bit in range and some in accuracy but made up for it by being able to hunt small game and still pack only one firearm. This was an all important consideration when most travel was done on foot. This made them very popular as trade goods to settlers and Native Americans. As one piece of equipment did the work of two.

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REVOLVER & PISTOLS

    I've been asked by people at the museum, "What is the difference between a revolver and a pistol?" The simple answer is everything that's not a revolver is a pistol. Revolvers have a mutiple-shot cylinder that rotates or revolves as the weapon is fired, thus the name. However a revolver is a pistol also, at least in my mind.

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WEAPONS
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WEAPONS
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UNKNOWN

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